The origin of ties dates back to the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648). The Croatian mercenaries serving in France, wearing their traditional little knotted scarves, aroused the interest of the Parisians. There was a slight difference in pronunciation between the Croatian word hrvati, and French croates. Thus the scarf took the name of tie (cravate in French).
History of ties
Louis XIV began wearing a lace tie around 1646 at the age of seven. It became a fashion accessory for the French nobility. This new article of clothing began a real “fashion craze” throughout Europe. A short glacial period struck continental Europe from 1645 to 1715. This also contributed to the diffusion of the ties. Temperatures dropped sharply and froze the Baltic Sea, so that one could walk from Poland to Sweden. Ties became so popular that a law was passed in Britain to prevent smuggling, the Calico Act of 1700.
Pulling a man’s tie in Britain was considered a serious crime, with a particular name of “peanuting.” In the sense that the knot becomes small as a peanut. It is said that tailors make clothes but men must tie ties. Indeed, this remains a sort of rite for all men. The basic knots are three, Oriental, half Windsor and Windsor. It has been calculated that mathematically the possible knots are 85. The last addition dates back to 1989 with the Pratt knot. The modern tie, similar to the one we wear today, appeared in England around 1850, in Macclesfield, in Surrey. However, they were shorter and wider than the current ones.
Among collectible ties we find that of the famous French designer Christian Lacroix. He created a 100% silk tie, worth 980 dollars. The most expensive one in the world is the Suashish tie, created by Studio Satya Paul Design. It is made of pure silk of the highest quality and is embellished with 150 grams of gold and 271 diamonds, which make it an expensive accessory. It’s worth 189,190 dollars. The largest collection belongs to a Chattanooga man. Alex Bennett figures he owns about 60,000 ties.